Published in English, Marathi and Gibberish. Pages Saturday, 13 February Dating the Mahabharata Whenever the topic of Mahabharata arises, I, for some unknown reason get sucked to the core of it, in trying to understand what exactly it is. It is, by itself the longest poem ever recorded. Experts agree that it is ten times the length of Homers Iliad and the Odyssey combined, and roughly four times the length of the Ramayana- another epic poem. We all know the well rehearsed story of the Mahabharata. So I will not plunge into details about it. This post is written with a view of the scientifically occurring phenomena mentioned in the poem, its relation to the modern world, and to some extent, using scientifically available data, speculate the date of the Great War.
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Edit Traditionally, the Ramayana is ascribed to Valmiki , regarded as India’s first poet. The text survives in several thousand partial and complete manuscripts, the oldest of which appears to date from the 11th century A. Textual scholar Robert P. Goldman differentiates two major regional recensions: Some still believe they are integral parts of the book in spite of some style differences and narrative contradictions between these two chapters and the rest of the book.
The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.
Ikshvaku dynasty[ edit ] Dasharatha is king of Ayodhya and father of Rama. He has three queens, Kausalya , Kaikeyi and Sumitra , and three other sons: Bharata , and twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna. Kaikeyi, Dasharatha’s favourite queen, forces him to make their son Bharata crown prince and send Rama into exile. Dasharatha dies heartbroken after Rama goes into exile.
Rama is the main character of the tale. Portrayed as the seventh avatar of god Vishnu , he is the eldest and favourite son of Dasharatha , the king of Ayodhya and his Chief Queen, Kausalya. He is portrayed as the epitome of virtue. Dasharatha is forced by Kaikeyi to command Rama to relinquish his right to the throne for fourteen years and go into exile. Rama kills the evil demon Ravana, who abducted his wife Sita, and later returns to Ayodhya to form an ideal state.
Rama and the monkey chiefs Sita is another of the tale’s protagonists. Rama went to Mithila and got a chance to marry her by breaking the Shiv Dhanush bow while trying to tie a knot to it in a competition organized by King Janaka of Mithila in Dhanusa. The competition was to find the most suitable husband for Sita and many princes from different states competed to win her.
What are the exact dates of ramayan and mahabharat when did they took place
Nobody appears to know with certainty when the poem was composed or when the events in it occurred. However, while some scholars claim that the events probably occurred at around the 8th century BCE mark, others claim that it is much, much older. One section of these other scholars asserts that the events took place circa BCE or about years before the Bronze Age. In the linked article, the author, Dr.
Jun 08, · This is a combined book review of two books by the same author: When did the MahaBharata war happen — the mystery of Arundhati, and the Historic Rama.
Given that there are so many versions of the Mahabharata oral, textual, and performative , the work is best understood as narrative tradition rather than a discrete text. As a whole the work straddles the Vedic and classical periods, giving insight into a tumultuous period of religious debate and cultural synthesis.
The main narrative of the Mahabharata which includes the Bhagavad Gita recounts the bitter conflict between the hundred sons of the blind king Dhritarashtra the mostly nefarious Kauravas and their cousins, the five sons of the pale king Pandu the mostly noble Pandavas. Ultimately this conflict escalates into a devastating war that pits family against family, guru against disciple, and friend against friend.
Although the Pandavas triumph in the end, they pay dearly, as nearly all of their loved ones perish in the war. Basic themes in the Mahabharata—a grave injustice against the heroine, an unjust exile of the heroes, and a cataclysmic war against a villainous enemy—are ones found in the other major epic of India, the Ramayana. However, the scope of the Mahabharata is much broader and its narrative structure more complex.
It is also much more philosophical. The Mahabharata in all of its multifarious forms and relevant scholarship are considered here, not merely the Sanskrit Mahabharata. General Overviews Few are the scholars intrepid and skilled enough to maintain a sustained, pathbreaking investigation into the entire Mahabharata. That is the case with Brockington , Buitenen , Fitzgerald , and Hiltebeitel , insightful introductions to the Mahabharata covering much of the same ground dating, authorship, historical expansion, cultural significance, and the central story but with somewhat different analyses, styles, and foci.
Many consider Brockington the best comprehensive treatment of both epics, but it is massive at around six hundred pages and full of epic minutiae and citations that will be forbidding to the casual reader. The great contribution of Brockington is that it brings together much scholarly thinking on the Mahabharata and Ramayana and considers them together rather than in isolation. The introduction to Brockington and Buitenen and Fitzgerald would all be very much at home on an undergraduate syllabus:
The great Rishis of the Vedic age composed the hymns, fought their wars, and ploughed their fields; but they were neither Brahmins, nor Kshatriyas nor Vaisyas. The banks of the distant Ganga and Jumna are rarely alluded to; the scenes of war and social ceremonies are the banks of the Saraswati and her tributaries. This was the Hindu world when the hymns were composed. India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, came to represent the religions of India at the World Parliament of Religions, held at Chicago has said:
Accurately dating the mahabharata war based on archaeology has been deci- phered to the chinese, historian and pandavas, ramayana and literary texts mentioning kumari. Thus as the date of the date of dates by a date of the commentaries thereof, gambling and other archeological, the upanishads.
Are you sure that you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. I am quite surprised at the answer given by respected top contributor. I have doubts whether there was any civilization in Indian subcontinent during those times. The Indus valley civilization[ BC] was the first civilization in the subcontinent.
First cities emerged during this period. The aryans had no idea about river ganges or anything in gangetic plains,the entire region was forest region with no human habitation. First civilized human habitation and cities in the gangetic plains [ayodhya region] emerged only after BC according to ASI and other pre independence archaeological surveys and history. There is no evidence to prove that ramayan and mahabharat took place really. The Ramayana, attributed to the poet Valmiki, was written down during the first century A.
The Mahabharata, attributed to the sage Vyasa, was written down from to B. Not to forget the name of Gautama Buddha was mentioned in Ramayana.
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When did events of Ramayana and Mahabharata actually occur? Published on 30th November, , on www. There are essentially two kinds of answers: Faith-based answer accepts as absolute truth what is transmitted in texts and by teachers without critical analysis; it makes people vociferously certain. Fact-based answer is limited by availability of measurable and verifiable evidence; it makes people cautious and doubtful.
On this date, Saturn was at deg., Jupiter at 94 deg., Mars between and deg., Rahu at deg. and Sun at 2 degrees. 4th Dec. therefore is the date of birth of Rama, when the aforementioned 4 planets exalted.
Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
There are also many other works termed Purana, known as ‘Upapuranas. Wilson [ ] A primary text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism, and one of the canonical Puranas of the Vishnu category. Among the portions of interest are a cycle of legends of the boyhood deeds of Krishna and Rama. Wilson was one of the first Europeans to translate a Hindu sacred text from the original Sanskrit.
Its evident from the facts that Sir Rama was not only an Indian legend but a global phenomenon. There can be nothing more shameful than living in India and yet denigrating one of its greatest role models. Kindly read and circulate widely on eve of the Ayodhya judgement: Nowadays, the issue of Ramsetu is highly talked about by many people. The government filed an affidavit before the Supreme Court which clearly denies the historical existence of Shri Rama on this earth.
The fifth century mathematician, Aryabhatta, calculated the date of the Mahabharat War to be approximately B.C. from the planetary posi- tions recorded in the Mahabharat. Prof. C.V. Vaidya and Prof. Apte had derived the date to be B.C. and .
The Sita of the Ramayana may have been named after a more ancient Vedic goddess Sita, who is mentioned once in the Rigveda as an earth goddess who blesses the land with good crops. In the Vedic period , she was one of the goddesses associated with fertility. A Vedic hymn Rig Veda 4: Her father Janaka had earned the sobriquet Videha due to his ability to transcend body consciousness; Sita is therefore also known as Vaidehi. Apart from Sitamarhi, Janakpur which is located in the present-day Province No.
She was discovered, adopted and brought up by Janaka , king of Mithila and his wife Sunaina. In Ramayana Manjari verses — , North-western and Bengal recensions of Valmiki Ramayana, it has been described as on hearing a voice from the sky and then seeing Menaka , Janaka expresses his wish to obtain a child and when he finds the child, he hears the same voice again telling him the infant is his spiritual child, born of Menaka.
Camille Bulcke , this motif that Sita was the real daughter of Janaka, as described in Ramopkhyana Mahabharata was based on the authentic version of Valmiki Ramayana. Later the story of Sita miraculously appearing in a furrow was inserted in Valmiki Ramayana. Some versions of the Ramayana suggest that Sita was a reincarnation of Vedavati.
Ravana tried to molest Vedavati and her chastity was sullied beyond Ravana’s redemption when she was performing penance to become consort of Vishnu. Vedavati immolated herself on a pyre to escape Ravana’s lust, vowing to return in another age and be the cause of Ravana’s destruction. She was duly reborn as Sita. Manivati is later reborn as the daughter of Ravana and Mandodari.